List Openstack Command Line Interface

List Openstack Command Line Interface

List command ini sangat berguna dalam operational sehari-hari ketika kita menggunakan openstack.

 

IDENTITY (KEYSTONE)

List all users

$ keystone user-list

List Identity service catalog

$ keystone catalog

 

IMAGES (Glance)

List images you can access

$ glance image-list

Delete specified image

$ glance image-delete IMAGE

Describe a specific image

$ glance image-show IMAGE

Update image

$ glance image-update IMAGE

Upload kernel image

$ glance image-create --name "cirros-threepart-kernel"

  --disk-format aki --container-format aki --is-public False

  --file ~/images/cirros-0.3.1~pre4-x86_64-vmlinuz

Upload RAM image

$ glance image-create --name "cirros-threepart-ramdisk"

  --disk-format ari --container-format ari --is-public False

  --file ~/images/cirros-0.3.1~pre4-x86_64-initrd

Upload three-part image

$ glance image-create --name "cirros-threepart" --disk-format ami

  --container-format ami --is-public False

  --property kernel_id=$KID-property ramdisk_id=$RID

  --file ~/images/cirros-0.3.1~pre4-x86_64-blank.img

Register raw image

$ glance image-create --name "cirros-raw" --disk-format raw

  --container-format bare --is-public False

  --file ~/images/cirros-0.3.1~pre4-x86_64-disk.img

 

COMPUTE (Nova)

List instances, check status of instance

$ nova list

List images

$ nova image-list

List flavors

$ nova flavor-list

Boot an instance using flavor and image names (if names are unique)

$ nova boot --image IMAGE --flavor FLAVOR INSTANCE_NAME

$ nova boot --image cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-uec --flavor m1.tiny

  MyFirstInstance

Login to instance

# ip netns

# ip netns exec NETNS_NAME ssh USER@SERVER

# ip netns exec qdhcp-6021a3b4-8587-4f9c-8064-0103885dfba2

  ssh cirros@10.0.0.2

Note

In CirrOS the password for user cirros is “cubswin:)” tanpa quotes.


Show details of instance

$ nova show NAME

$ nova show MyFirstInstance

View console log of instance

$ nova console-log MyFirstInstance

Set metadata on an instance

$ nova meta volumeTwoImage set newmeta='my meta data'

Create an instance snapshot

$ nova image-create volumeTwoImage snapshotOfVolumeImage

$ nova image-show snapshotOfVolumeImage

 

PAUSE, SUSPEND, STOP, RESCUE, RESIZE, REBUILD, REBOOT INSTANCE

Pause

$ nova pause NAME

$ nova pause volumeTwoImage

Unpause

$ nova unpause NAME

Suspend

$ nova suspend NAME

Unsuspend

$ nova resume NAME

Stop

$ nova stop NAME

Start

$ nova start NAME

Rescue

$ nova rescue NAME

$ nova rescue NAME --rescue_image_ref RESCUE_IMAGE

Resize

$ nova resize NAME FLAVOR

$ nova resize my-pem-server m1.small

$ nova resize-confirm my-pem-server1

Rebuild

$ nova rebuild NAME IMAGE

$ nova rebuild newtinny cirros-qcow2

Reboot

$ nova reboot NAME

$ nova reboot newtinny

Inject user data and files into an instance

$ nova boot --user-data FILE INSTANCE

$ nova boot --user-data userdata.txt --image cirros-qcow2

  --flavor m1.tiny MyUserdataInstance2

Notes

To validate that the file was injected, use ssh to connect to the instance, and look in /var/lib/cloud for the file.

Inject a keypair into an instance and access the instance with that keypair


Create keypair

$ nova keypair-add test > test.pem

$ chmod 600 test.pem

Start an instance (boot)

$ nova boot --image cirros-0.3.0-x86_64 --flavor m1.small

  --key_name test MyFirstServer

Use ssh to connect to the instance

# ip netns exec qdhcp-98f09f1e-64c4-4301-a897-5067ee6d544f

  ssh -i test.pem cirros@10.0.0.4

Manage security groups

Add rules to default security group allowing ping and SSH between instances in the default security group

$ nova secgroup-add-group-rule default default icmp -1 -1

$ nova secgroup-add-group-rule default default tcp 22 22

 

NETWORKING (Neutron)

Create network

$ neutron net-create NAME

Create a subnet

$ neutron subnet-create NETWORK_NAME CIDR

$ neutron subnet-create my-network 10.0.0.0/29

 

BLOCK STORAGE (CINDER)

Used to manage volumes and volume snapshots that attach to instances.

Create a new volume

$ cinder create SIZE_IN_GB --display-name NAME

$ cinder create 1 --display-name MyFirstVolume

Boot an instance and attach to volume

$ nova boot --image cirros-qcow2 --flavor m1.tiny MyVolumeInstance

List volumes, notice status of volume

$ cinder list

Attach volume to instance after instance is active, and volume is available

$ nova volume-attach INSTANCE_ID VOLUME_ID auto

$ nova volume-attach MyVolumeInstance 573e024d-5235-49ce-8332-be1576d323f8 auto

Note

On the Xen Hypervisor it is possible to provide a specific device name instead of automatic allocation. For example:

$ nova volume-attach MyVolumeInstance 573e024d-5235-49ce-8332-be1576d323f8 /dev/vdb

This is not currently possible when using non-Xen hypervisors with OpenStack.


Manage volumes after login into the instance.

List storage devices

# fdisk -l

Make filesystem on volume

# mkfs.ext3 /dev/vdb

Create a mountpoint

# mkdir /myspace

Mount the volume at the mountpoint

# mount /dev/vdb /myspace

Create a file on the volume

# touch /myspace/helloworld.txt

# ls /myspace

Unmount the volume

# umount /myspace

 

OBJECT STORAGE (Swift)

Display information for the account, container, or object

$ swift stat

$ swift stat ACCOUNT

$ swift stat CONTAINER

$ swift stat OBJECT

List containers

$ swift list


Sumber : pakguru.xyz


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